building a gtk sdl widget

 hI gtk hackers!

  I'm trying to create a gtksdl widget, based on my previus code for SDL
under gnome... but I have some questions O:)

  In general terms, I got a crash when I realize the SDL surface. The
reason is that I update the surface that it isnt visible.

  My parent class is the GTKWidget, using the code from the
GtkDrawingArea. On my previus code, I attached the SDL Surface to a GTK
Drawing area, but all functions from it was useless (it was just the
base widget for the surface). So, I choosed building the widget from
scratch. Also, I notice some problems with the realize and the expose
events (sometimes, I update the surface BEFORE expose it, causing
segmentation faults)

 So, I traced the basic loop for the widget, and seems to be like this
(calling it from my test program with gtk_sdl_new):

 -> gtk_sdl_new
        -> gtk_sdl_class_init   (I set the realize,
                                size_allocate, and expose functions)
        -> gtk_sdl_init         (I set the can_focus flag,
                                and set the key press event)
        -> gtk_sdl_size         (queue a resize)

 -> gtk_sdl_size_allocate (if widget_realized -> resize and

 -> gtk_sdl_realize     (set attributes, create the gdk_window, and

        -> gtk_sdl_send_configure       (call the configure event)

 -> gtk_sdl_expose      (if there is a surface, update it,
                        else attach a new surface to the widget window)

        -> gtl_sdl_surface_attach       (set the SDL window to the widget
                                        NOTE: at this point, the surface is not
                                        visible, but the widget with correct size

 -> gtk_sdl_expose                      (this is called when I refresh the widget)
        -> gtk_sdl_surface_update       (call SDL_UpdateRect)

        I guess that the problem is that I attach the surface when the widget
gdk window is not visible yet.

        So, my question are:

        what is exactly the difference between realize and expose?
        On which event can I be sure that the window is visible on the screen?
after configure maybe?
        what is the meaning of configure, exactly?
        how can I set the expose_event, called after the event? (like with
        any idea why I get my crash?

 Thanks in advance.

pd. I attached the code below... As soon as I have the widget working, I
will release it under GPL, 'cause I think that somebody else will use
it. So, If you like to help me or contribute, please, send me an email

          derethor of centolos
#include "gtksdl.h"

static void gtk_sdl_class_init          (GtkSDLClass    *klass);
static void gtk_sdl_init                (GtkSDL         *sdl);
static void gtk_sdl_realize             (GtkWidget      *widget);
static void gtk_sdl_size_allocate       (GtkWidget      *widget,
                                        GtkAllocation   *allocation);

static void gtk_sdl_send_configure      (GtkSDL *sdl);
static void gtk_sdl_surface_attach      (GtkSDL *sdl);
static gint gtk_sdl_expose (GtkWidget *widget, GdkEventExpose *event);

static void gtk_sdl_display_update (GtkSDL *sdl);

static GtkWidgetClass *parent_class = NULL;

GtkType gtk_sdl_get_type (void)
  static GtkType sdl_type = 0;

        if (!sdl_type)
                static const GtkTypeInfo sdl_info =
                        sizeof (GtkSDL),
                        sizeof (GtkSDLClass),
                        (GtkClassInitFunc) gtk_sdl_class_init,
                        (GtkObjectInitFunc) gtk_sdl_init,
                        /* reserved_1 */ NULL,
                        /* reserved_2 */ NULL,
                        (GtkClassInitFunc) NULL,
                sdl_type = gtk_type_unique (GTK_TYPE_WIDGET, &sdl_info);

        return sdl_type;

static void gtk_sdl_class_init (GtkSDLClass *class)
  GtkObjectClass *object_class;
  GtkWidgetClass *widget_class;

        puts ("before class init");

        widget_class = GTK_WIDGET_CLASS (class);
        widget_class->realize = gtk_sdl_realize;
        widget_class->size_allocate = gtk_sdl_size_allocate;
        widget_class->expose_event = gtk_sdl_expose;

        parent_class = gtk_type_class (gtk_widget_get_type ());

        object_class = GTK_OBJECT_CLASS (class);
        object_class->destroy = gtk_dial_destroy;

  widget_class->size_request = gtk_dial_size_request;
  widget_class->size_allocate = gtk_dial_size_allocate;

        puts ("after class init");

static void gtk_sdl_init (GtkSDL *sdl)
        puts ("before sdl init");

        if ( GTK_WIDGET_CAN_FOCUS(sdl) )
                gtk_widget_grab_focus ( GTK_WIDGET (sdl) );
        gtk_widget_set_events ( GTK_WIDGET (sdl), GDK_KEY_PRESS_MASK );

        puts ("after sdl init");

GtkWidget *gtk_sdl_new (gint width, gint height, gint bpp, Uint32 flags)
  GtkSDL *sdl;

        puts ("before sdl new");

        sdl = gtk_type_new (gtk_sdl_get_type ());

        sdl->width = width;
        sdl->height = height;
        sdl->bpp = bpp;
        sdl->flags = flags;

        gtk_sdl_size ( GTK_SDL (sdl), width, height);

        timeout_id = gtk_timeout_add ( (33*10)/10 , cbDrawAreaUpdate, (gpointer )darea);
        gtk_object_set_data ( GTK_OBJECT (sdl), "timeout_id", (gpointer )timeout_id );
        puts ("after sdl new");

        return GTK_WIDGET (sdl);

void gtk_sdl_size (GtkSDL *sdl, gint width, gint height)
        puts ("before sdl size");

        g_return_if_fail (GTK_IS_SDL (sdl));

        GTK_WIDGET (sdl)->requisition.width = width;
        GTK_WIDGET (sdl)->requisition.height = height;

        gtk_widget_queue_resize (GTK_WIDGET (sdl));

        puts ("after sdl size");

static void gtk_sdl_realize (GtkWidget *widget)
  GtkSDL *sdl;
  GdkWindowAttr attributes;
  gint attributes_mask;

        puts ("before sdl realize");

        g_return_if_fail (widget != NULL);
        g_return_if_fail (GTK_IS_SDL (widget));

        sdl = GTK_SDL (widget);

        attributes.window_type = GDK_WINDOW_CHILD;
        attributes.x = widget->allocation.x;
        attributes.y = widget->allocation.y;
        attributes.width = widget->allocation.width;
        attributes.height = widget->allocation.height;
        attributes.wclass = GDK_INPUT_OUTPUT;
        attributes.visual = gtk_widget_get_visual (widget);
        attributes.colormap = gtk_widget_get_colormap (widget);
        attributes.event_mask = gtk_widget_get_events (widget) | GDK_EXPOSURE_MASK;

        attributes_mask = GDK_WA_X | GDK_WA_Y | GDK_WA_VISUAL | GDK_WA_COLORMAP;

        widget->window = gdk_window_new (gtk_widget_get_parent_window (widget), &attributes, attributes_mask);
        gdk_window_set_user_data (widget->window, sdl);

        widget->style = gtk_style_attach (widget->style, widget->window);
        gtk_style_set_background (widget->style, widget->window, GTK_STATE_NORMAL);

        gtk_sdl_send_configure (GTK_SDL (widget));

        puts ("after sdl realize");

static void gtk_sdl_size_allocate (GtkWidget *widget, GtkAllocation *allocation)
        puts ("before sdl size allocate");

        g_return_if_fail (widget != NULL);
        g_return_if_fail (GTK_IS_SDL (widget));
        g_return_if_fail (allocation != NULL);

        widget->allocation = *allocation;
        /* FIXME, TODO-1.3: back out the MAX() statements */
        widget->allocation.width = MAX (1, widget->allocation.width);
        widget->allocation.height = MAX (1, widget->allocation.height);

        if (GTK_WIDGET_REALIZED (widget))
                gdk_window_move_resize (widget->window,
                                        allocation->x, allocation->y,
                                        allocation->width, allocation->height);

                gtk_sdl_send_configure (GTK_SDL (widget));

        puts ("after sdl size allocate");

static void gtk_sdl_send_configure (GtkSDL *sdl)
  GtkWidget *widget;
  GdkEventConfigure event;

        puts ("before sdl send configure");

        widget = GTK_WIDGET (sdl);

        event.type = GDK_CONFIGURE;
        event.window = widget->window;
        event.send_event = TRUE;
        event.x = widget->allocation.x;
        event.y = widget->allocation.y;
        event.width = widget->allocation.width;
        event.height = widget->allocation.height;

        gtk_widget_event (widget, (GdkEvent*) &event);

        puts ("after sdl send configure");

static void gtk_sdl_surface_attach (GtkSDL *sdl)
  gchar SDL_windowhack[32];

        puts ("before sdl surface attach");

                /* Attach the SDL_Surface */

                puts ("attaching the surface");

                sprintf (SDL_windowhack, "SDL_WINDOWID=%ld",
                        GDK_WINDOW_XWINDOW ( GTK_WIDGET(sdl)->window ) );
/*              putenv (SDL_windowhack);*/

                SDL_QuitSubSystem (SDL_INIT_VIDEO);
                if ( SDL_InitSubSystem ( SDL_INIT_VIDEO ) < 0)
                        fprintf (stderr, "unable to init SDL: %s", SDL_GetError() );

                if (sdl->flags &= (SDL_OPENGLBLIT | SDL_DOUBLEBUF))
                        SDL_GL_SetAttribute (SDL_GL_DOUBLEBUFFER, 1);

                if (sdl->surface)
                        puts ("TODO: deallocate previus surface");

                sdl->surface = SDL_SetVideoMode( sdl->width, sdl->height, sdl->bpp, sdl->flags);
                if (!sdl->surface)
                        fprintf (stderr, "Unable to set the video mode: %s", SDL_GetError() );

                puts ("update rect");

                SDL_UpdateRect (sdl->surface, 0, 0, 0, 0);

                puts ("display update");

                gtk_sdl_display_update (sdl);

                puts ("end attach surface");
        puts ("after sdl surface attach");

static gint gtk_sdl_expose (GtkWidget *widget, GdkEventExpose *event)
  SDL_Surface *surface;
  SDL_Rect dest;

        puts ("before sdl expose");

        g_return_val_if_fail (widget != NULL, FALSE);
        g_return_val_if_fail (GTK_IS_SDL (widget), FALSE);
        g_return_val_if_fail (event != NULL, FALSE);

        if (event->count > 0) return FALSE;

        surface = SDL_GetVideoSurface ();

        if (surface)

                puts ("update rects from expose");
                dest.x = event->area.x;
                dest.y = event->area.y;
                dest.w = event->area.width;
                dest.h = event->area.height;

                SDL_UpdateRect (surface, 0, 0, 0, 0);
/*              SDL_UpdateRects (surface, 1, &dest);
                gtk_sdl_display_update ( GTK_SDL(widget) );*/

                gtk_sdl_surface_attach (GTK_SDL (widget));

        puts ("after sdl expose");

        return FALSE;


static void gtk_sdl_display_update (GtkSDL *sdl)

  SDL_Surface *surface;

        puts ("before sdl display update");

        g_return_if_fail (sdl != NULL);
        g_return_if_fail (GTK_IS_SDL (sdl));
        g_return_if_fail (sdl->surface);

        if ( (sdl->flags &=SDL_OPENGL) || (sdl->flags &= SDL_OPENGLBLIT) )
                if (dkActiveUpdaterGL) (*dkActiveUpdaterGL)();
                SDL_GL_SwapBuffers ();
                if (dkActiveUpdater) (*dkActiveUpdater)();
                puts ("get video surface");
                surface = SDL_GetVideoSurface ();
                puts ("flip video surface");
                SDL_Flip (surface);

        puts ("after display update");

# ifndef __GTK_SDL_H__
# define __GTK_SDL_H__

# include <stdlib.h>

# include <gdk/gdk.h>
# include <gtk/gtkwidget.h>
# include <gdk/gdkx.h>

# include <SDL/SDL.h>

# ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
# endif /* __cplusplus */

# define GTK_TYPE_SDL                   (gtk_sdl_get_type ())
# define GTK_SDL(obj)                   (GTK_CHECK_CAST ((obj), GTK_TYPE_SDL, GtkSDL))
# define GTK_SDL_CLASS(klass)           (GTK_CHECK_CLASS_CAST ((klass), GTK_TYPE_SDL, GtkSDLClass))
# define GTK_IS_SDL(obj)                (GTK_CHECK_TYPE ((obj), GTK_TYPE_SDL))
# define GTK_IS_SDL_CLASS(klass)        (GTK_CHECK_CLASS_TYPE ((klass), GTK_TYPE_SDL))

typedef struct _GtkSDL          GtkSDL;
typedef struct _GtkSDLClass     GtkSDLClass;

struct _GtkSDL
  GtkWidget widget;

  SDL_Surface *surface;
  gint width, height, bpp;
  Uint16 flags;

struct _GtkSDLClass
  GtkWidgetClass parent_class;

GtkType    gtk_sdl_get_type     (void);
GtkWidget *gtk_sdl_new (gint width, gint height, gint bpp, Uint32 flags);
void       gtk_sdl_size         (GtkSDL      *sdl,
                                gint                 width,
                                gint                 height);

#ifdef __cplusplus
#endif /* __cplusplus */

#endif /* __GTK_SDL_H__ */

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