Re: segmentation fault when window closes

El Sep 26, 2010, a las 5:52 AM, Chris Vine <chris cvine freeserve co uk> escribió:

> On Sun, 26 Sep 2010 01:32:38 -0400
> José Alburquerque <jaalburquerque cox net> wrote:
>> El Sep 22, 2010, a las 6:14 PM, Piscium <groknok gmail com> escribió:
>>> I have a gtkmm application that crashes with a segmentation fault
>>> when I close the main window.
>>> It makes use of a class called "Object", that has a member called
>>> "name", of type ustring. If I comment out that member the program
>>> does not crash, so the crash is somehow related to ustring.
>>> Then I have a vector of Objects. If I comment out the push_back's
>>> the program does not crash. This means that the crash happens when
>>> the vector dtor does its business on the ustring's. To confirm this
>>> I explicitly called the clear method of the vector before the end
>>> of the main function, and then the crash happens there instead of
>>> at the end of the program.
>>> I created a example program to summarize the relevant details of my
>>> application. It is listed below. Interestingly the example does
>>> _not_ crash. But I must be doing something wrong, and the fact that
>>> the example does not crash must be a coincidence. I wonder if
>>> anybody can spot what is wrong?
>>> =================
>>> #include <iostream>
>>> #include <vector>
>>> #include <glibmm/ustring.h>
>>> using Glib::ustring;
>>> class Object
>>> {
>>> public:
>>> Object(int id, char * name) : id(id), name(name) {};
>>> int id;
>>> ustring name;
>>> };
>>> int main(int argc, char** argv)
>>> {
>>> std::vector <Object> objects;
>>> objects.reserve(100);
>>> for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++)
>>> {
>>>        Object o(i, (char *) "hello");
>>>        objects.push_back(o);
>>> }
>>> objects.clear(); // there is a segmentation fault here in the "real"
>>> application
>>> }
>> Sorry to post late to this thread.  At this point I'm not sure what
>> I'm about to say will be useful, but one other way to deal with
>> objects in code would be to create your objects dynamically (using
>> new) and store them as pointers in the vector.  If you're worried
>> about freeing them when they're not needed, store them in a
>> std::auto_ptr<> in the vector.  This would avoid possible problems
>> with copy constructors and assignment operators not being explicitly
>> defined.  It would also save time from having to copy the objects to
>> store them in the vector.
> The OP appears to have found his problem, but you absolutely should not
> "store [the objects] in a std::auto_ptr<> in the vector".  std::auto_ptr
> has move semantics and does not fulfil the copy constructibility and
> assignability requirements for an object stored in a C++ container, and
> you will quickly run into a memory error.

Yes, I quickly noticed that about the std::auto_ptr<> class after posting.  It can get tricky to use a std::auto_ptr<> that way.

> In this usage you would use a shared pointer.
> Chris


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