Re: From Tk to Gtk

On 3/5/07, Judith <jaltamirano correolux com mx> wrote:
Hello every body I'm currently programming under perl Tk, but I want to
move to perl Gtk, I want to know the diffrences between these two and
wich is the last version of Gtk, thanks in advanced!!

You can find the latest versions of the Perl module on  The differences between Tk and Gtk are too numerous
to talk about in any detail, but the biggest differences are in the
way you pack and create widgets.  In Tk you create widgets using a
parent widget.  in Gtk you create the widgets separately.  In Tk you
specify how a child widget is placed on it's parent with pack or some
other function.  In Gtk2 there are some widgets whose whole purpose is
to be containers, and you add widgets to them.  Generally you will use
box widgets (Gtk2::HBox and Gtk2::VBox) to control the layout.  There
are others: Gtk2::Table is a tabular layout, Gtk2::VPaned and
Gtk2::HPaned hold two widgets and allow you to move the separator
between them, Gtk2::Notebook provides a tab based layout, Gtk2::Fixed
is a fixed position layout, and others.

You can learn more at

Here is a quick hello world demo.


use strict;
use Gtk2;

Gtk2->init; #setup Gtk2

my $window = Gtk2::Window->new; #similar to MainWindow
my $hbox   = Gtk2::HBox->new;
my $label  = Gtk2::Label->new('Hello World');
my $button = Gtk2::Button->new('Quit');

#windows are containers that can only hold one item
#so we need another container that can hold both
#the label and the button, hbox is good for this
#since it can hold any number of items and puts them in
#a horizontal row
$window->add($hbox); #window contains the hbox
$hbox->add($label);  #hbox contains the label
$hbox->add($button); #hbox contains the label and the button

#when we click on the close button of the window we want
#the program to exit, so hookup the window's destory signal
#with a function that will exit the program
$window->signal_connect(destroy => \&quit_program);

#we also want to quit when the quit button is pressed
#so we attach the same function to the button's
#clicked signal
$button->signal_connect(clicked => \&quit_program);

#nothing will show up until we tell Gtk to
#show the widgets, we can do this by calling
#the show method of every widget or by
#calling the show_all method of window

Gtk2->main; #start the main loop

sub quit_program {

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