[Tracker] nie:plainTextContent, Unicode normalization and Word breaks

Hi all!

I'm currently analyzing the issue reported at GB#579756 (Unicode
Normalization is broken in Indexer and/or Search):

All my comments below apply to the contents of nie:plainTextContent, not
really directly related to the bug report, which may still be some issue
in the FTS algorithm.


Shouldn't tracker use a single Unicode normalization form for the list
of words stored in nie:plainTextContent? For text search, a decomposed
form would probably be preferred, like NFD. This would mean calling
g_utf8_normalize() with G_NORMALIZE_NFD argument for each string to be
added in nie:plainTextContent.

Word breaks:

When text content is extracted from several doc types (msoffice, oasis,
pdf...), a simple word break algorithm is used, basically looking for
letters. This algorithm is far from perfect, as it doesn't follow the
common rules for word-breaking in UAX#29
http://unicode.org/reports/tr29/#Word_Boundaries .

As an example, a file containing the following 3 strings (english 1st,
chinese second, japanese-katakana last):
"Simple english text\n

With the current algorithm (tracker_text_normalize() in
libtracker-extract), only 10 words are found, and separated with
whitespaces in the following way:
"Simple english text æåæäæçéå äçææéæ éèåèè åéåäå
åååæèåèæ  ãã ããããã"

While with a proper word-break detection algorithm, you would find 37
correct words:
"Simple english text æ å æ ä æ ç é å ä ç æ æ é æ é è å
è è å é å ä å å å å æ è å è æ  ãã ããããã"

Chinese symbols are considered separate words, while katakana symbols
are not. This is just an example of how a proper word detection should
be done.

I already have a custom version of tracker_text_normalize() which
properly does the word-break detection, using GNU libunistring. Now, if
applied, should libunistring be a mandatory dependency for tracker?
Another option would probably be using pango, but I doubt pango is a
good dependency for libtracker-extract.

Comments welcome...


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