Re: A requirement for the current user to own ttys


On Sat, Mar 11, 2017 at 7:50 PM, Konstantin I. <key offecka gmail com> wrote:


> Nope. Via "sudo", the first user is allowed to execute certain commands on behalf of the second, not the other way around.

I didn't say "via sudo"

You did mention "sudo" a couple of times. You keep talking about "first" and "second" user, in order to have these you must switch user by some means. sudo, su, perhaps ssh localhost -- can you think of any other means?

I said: the second user (`ghost` in this example) is authorised to act on behalf of `echo`.

This is an absolutely false expectation. It's not how things are working (and I'm not talking about mc here). The second user does _not_ have access to the first user's belongings. Try sudoing from a normal user to another normal one, and then remove a file of the first user. You'll be denied access.

How it's done is irrelevant. You mentioned PAM. Ok. Let it be PAM.

In that case mc-devel is probably not the right forum to discuss it ;) I admit it sucks on Linux that it's hard to discuss cross-component issues and even much harder to come to an agreement and a followup implementation.

>He has no direct access to the vcsa3 device

Or she, but anyway they have indirect access via the sticky bit. So it shouldn't be a problem.

There's no sticky bit in the game, I assume you meant the setuid or setgid bit.

I assume you utterly miss the responsibility of a setuid or setgid app. It's _not_ that it is granted tons of permissions via this bit and then can just freely go ahead and do whatever the filesystem's permissions allow them.

Due to the setuid/setgid bit, it _becomes_ the responsibility of this helper to explicitly check plenty of conditions to decide whether or not to grant access to the desired device.

It would be unacceptable if I could log in to a machine with ssh, and then using the setuid or setgid cons.saver binary I could mess with the consoles that probably root is using locally. cons.saver _must_ explicitly deny this from happening.

Maybe the checks it's doing are imperfect, maybe they are a bit too strict or paranoid and could be loosened up, I don't know. (Note: I can't recall ever touching or even examining this code. I'm not defending the particular implementation, I'm defending the overall design.)

Please take a look at my ls -la outputs. Not only is tty3 owened by echo but it's owned also by the tty group. And as you saw ghost is a pretty powerful user. The user is a part of the tty group as well. But mc doesn't care. It also doesn't care whether this is root or not.

It's still unclear to me: What do you expect cons.saver to do differently?

> implementing alternate screen support in the Linux tty driver, or using a graphical emulator. I can't see how mc could solve this issue.

That would be overkilling.

No, IMO that would not be overkilling, that would be the proper solution. Also, all other apps (well, their users) would benefit from this: The previous contents would be restored upon quitting from vim, emacs, less and so on.

It could be a matter of taste, but I definitely prefer the graphical emulators' behavior here. It makes no sense to me to leave (almost) a screenful of these apps onscreen at an arbitrary position where I happened to stand when I quit, and to lose the last screenful of my bash activity whereas older activity is still accessible with Shift+PageUp.

And on a totally irrelevant note (although I'm not sure if I should mention this, I absolutely don't want to initiate a flame war): I personally don't see any reason to use the Linux console over graphical terminal emulators, except for rare critical events. As such, convenience like Ctrl+O after a sudo is absolutely unimportant for me. Systems that don't have graphical environment (that is, servers) should be accessed remotely. Graphical terminal emulators support more features than the Linux console, have a magnitudes larger scrollback that you don't lose when you switch to a different one, can search in the scrollback, look so much nicer, are more configurable, can be arranged freely using your favorite desktop environment, you can see more of them at the same time, you don't have to type your password every time you with to have a new one, let alone you can have other essential apps (e.g. browsers) visible and even copy-paste between them and so on and so forth. (I used to be a heavy Linux console user, even "startx"-ing only for those short times when I needed a graphical app, geez, that was so last century...)

Why not just to follow standard *nix conventions? To respect root privileges at least. May I dare to ask to respect group permissions as well ;-)

Could you please be more specific? I do not understand what you're _exactly_ asking for. E.g. "respect root privileges" is way too generic, and if I take it as a setuid root cons.saver should allow any user to save/restore the contents of any vcs (that's what root can do anyways) then it's a big fat NO for security reasons. I hope this is clear to you by now. The setuid/setgid bit grants much more to cons.saver that it needs to have, and so it has to deliberately cut back on its own privileges.


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