Re: g_build_filename and members

On Sun, 2008-01-06 at 18:50 -0500, Morten Welinder wrote:
> On Jan 6, 2008 3:43 PM, Mikael Hermansson <mike tielie gmail com> wrote:
> > Hmm just saw that g_build_filename does not work for GIO Uris
> >
> > its simply strips away separator for example:
> >
> > g_build_filename("file:///", g_get_home_dir(), "foobar.txt", NULL)
> >
> > will be:
> >
> > file:/home/user/foobar.txt
> It's hard to see how any other result could be right.  You are, after all,
> telling it that you have a directory called "file:".

Yeah, i think this is just a misunderstanding of what filenames and URIs
are. They are not the same, and any use of g_build_filename (that is not
extremely careful an limited) is just plain wrong. For instance, when
creating URIs you have to escape filenames.

> Does gio properly handle the difference between "file://", "file:///",
> and "file:////"?  (Relative filename, absolute filename, and absolute
> filename in alternate space respectively.)

This is also kind of a weird question. GIO handles GFiles which is an
abstract reference to a file (kinda like a filename or a uri).
Construction of these is done from a filename OR a uri, and you need to
know what sort of entity you have.

Well, thats not the whole truth actually. There are four constructors:

GFile * g_file_new_for_path (const char *path);

This creates a GFile object from a filename. If it is not an absolue
path, cwd will be prepended. So, if you pass in "file:///foo" when /tmp,
the file will reference the file /tmp/file:/foo.

GFile * g_file_new_for_uri (const char *uri);

This creates a GFile from a uri. If you hand it a broken uri it will
still return some kind of GFile, but all calls to it will return in
errors. (Similar to passing a broken uri string to the actual file

GFile * g_file_new_for_commandline_arg (const char  *arg);

This tries to be "smart" and guess if the argument is a path, a uri, or
a relative path. Its bound to get things wrong in some corner cases,
because there is no way to always know what the user meant, but it
mostly works.

GFile * g_file_parse_name (const char *parse_name);

This creates a GFile from a parse name returned from
g_file_get_parse_name(). A parse name is a utf8-only string that you can
roundtrip in a UI and get the same GFile back. Its either an absolute
filename that correctly roundtrips in g_filename_to/from_utf8() or an
IRI (which is a URI, but where characters in the URI that when are
unescaped are proper UTF8 these are left unescaped).

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