Re: linking / performance / interposing detection ...

On Tue, 2005-12-13 at 12:16 -0600, Federico Mena Quintero wrote:
> > 	So - as part of my -Bdirect work - trying to detect genuine cases of
> > interposing - I ran my simple perl script over all my gnome libraries:
> > (for which I attach the gnome
> > specific exclusions file [this incidentally shows lots of other bad
> > behavior in Gnome ;-]):
> Very neat.  How do interposed symbols happen ?

	2 libraries export a symbol with the same name; whomever is dlopened'
first (if opened into the global scope) wins & subsequent uses of that
name point to the 1st instance. Of course a shared 'free_list' [ cf. the
JDK & libcddb ] is most likely not going to work across different
implementations ;-)

>   Is it just people forgetting to put a "static" somewhere?  That seems
> to be the case for parent_class in metal_gtk2_engine.c.

	Sure - often that's the case. Ideally every exported symbol should be
namespaced - and/or preferably a linker-map used such that ~no symbols
but for the gtk_module_init_foo or whatever are exported. Run objdump -T
on the library & consider if you really want other people using /
conflicting with the result :-)

> Yes, we can load any number of theme engines simultaneously.
> Fortunately no one cooks gtkrc files that are so fucked up to actually
> do this :)

	I just wonder how clean theme switching is - if you switch from a -> b
-> c -> a eg. do we unload them ?

> Makes sense.  I'm patching gtk-engines right now for the "static"s; it
> would be good to file bugs for the other modules which need BIND_LOCAL
> changes.

	Sure - I guess Alex nailed nautilus & gnome-vfs - which both heavily
use plugin libs; presumably pango likes modules, I've poked the
gstreamer guys separately. Hopefully if you load with BIND_LOCAL you
don't introduce eg. libjpeg / libpng etc. into the global symbol search



 michael meeks novell com  <><, Pseudo Engineer, itinerant idiot

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